Working Paper n.º 56/2017
Labour Market Reforms and the Crisis in Portugal: No change, U-Turn or New Departure?

13 | Março | 2017

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.Daniel Cardoso, IPRI-NOVA

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.Rui Branco, IPRI-NOVA

PALAVRAS-CHAVE: labour market reforms; Portugal; crisis; troika
DOI: 
https://doi.org/10.23906/wp56/2017

Resumo

Drawing on quantitative and qualitative data, this paper studies labour market reforms in Portugal from 2000 to 2013. The paper examines how the main dimensions of labour market legislation (employment protection, security in unemployment, collective bargaining and activation policies) evolved in the period and specifically assesses the impact of reforms implemented during the sovereign debt crisis. We aim to show if, and how, such regulatory changes operated a remaking of the socioeconomic power balance in industrial relations.

The paper shows that the changes introduced during the troika years were qualitatively different relative to past reforms. Even if these reforms built on previous trends, we highlight three path-shifting changes. First, there was a sizeable reduction of security in employment and in unemployment for workers with permanent contracts (insiders). Second, at the same time, a significant decentralization of wage bargaining shifted the balance of power towards employers, while a move from joint to statutory regulation, stalled social concertation. Third, both these trends were not offset by any significant unemployment compensation strategy or activation effort targeted at outsiders: no recalibration occurred in a dualised labour market. Overall, this shift in the power balance between insiders, outsider and employers configures a new departure for Portuguese labour market relations. A worsened situation for insiders and outsiders indicates that there was both a flexibilization across the board and that segmentation endured, but now at a lower level of security. In conclusion, the austerity-driven reforms brought the Portuguese labour market to a liberalised dualisation.

Read more ...

Working Paper n.º 55/2016
A mudança institucional nos sistemas de informações: a transição para a democracia e o 11 de setembro. Portugal e Espanha em perspetiva comparada

28 | Dezembro | 2016

This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.João Estevens, Aluno de doutoramento do IPRI-NOVA

PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Mudança institucional; sistemas de informações; transições para a democracia; 11 de setembro.

Resumo

O tema da mudança institucional continua a ser um tema em destaque na agenda de ciências sociais. Assim, o presente working paper tem por objetivo analisar, em perspetiva comparada, as diferentes transformações institucionais dos sistemas de informações portugueses e espanhóis após a transição para a democracia e após o 11 de setembro. Através da aplicação de um modelo de análise da mudança institucional centrado na articulação entre ideias e interesses e com recurso a uma técnica de mapeamento do processo, determinaram-se os fatores potenciadores e inibidores das diferentes respostas institucionais, verificadas nos sistemas de informações dos dois países, após duas conjunturas críticas: a transição para a democracia e o 11 de setembro.

Read more ...

FCT logobrancoFCSH logobrancoTEPSA logobrancoRIBEI logobranco